Oil major BP accelerates pace of share buybacks even as full-year profit slides over 50%


BP in 2020 set out its ambition to become a net zero company “by 2050 or sooner.”
Matt Cardy | Getty Images News | Getty Images

British oil giant BP on Tuesday announced plans to boost shareholder returns, even after a sharp drop in full-year profits aligned with lower oil prices.

The energy major posted underlying replacement cost profit, used as a proxy for net profit, of $13.8 billion for 2023, a steep fall from a record $27.7 billion in the previous year.

Analysts had anticipated net profit of $13.9 billion for full-year 2023, according to an LSEG-compiled consensus.

BP increased the pace of its share repurchases, announcing intentions to execute a $1.75 billion share buyback prior to reporting first-quarter results. The company said it was committed to announcing a $3.5 billion share buyback for the first half of the year.

BP also announced a dividend per ordinary share of 7.27 cents for the final three months of 2023, marking 10% increase compared to the same period in the previous year.

BP posted fourth-quarter net profit of nearly $3 billion, beating analyst expectations of $2.6 billion.

“Looking back, 2023 was a year of strong operational performance with real momentum in delivery right across the business,” BP CEO Murray Auchincloss said in a statement.

“We are confident in our strategy, on delivering as a simpler, more focused and higher-value company, and committed to growing long-term value for our shareholders.”

Shares of the company’s London-listed stock are down roughly 2.6% year-to-date.

British rival Shell on Thursday reported stronger-than-anticipated full-year profits, announcing a 4% increase to its dividend and a fresh $3.5 billion share buyback program.


BP’s latest results come as the company faces pressure from one activist investor over its strategy.

In a letter to BP Chair Helge Lund and then-interim CEO Murray Auchincloss in October, Bluebell Capital Partners urged the company to ramp up its oil and gas investments and reduce spending on clean energy. The letter was first reported by the Financial Times last week.

Bluebell Capital’s Giuseppe Bivona has since expressed his frustration with BP’s “totally underwhelming” share price performance relative to the firm’s U.S. and European peers. Bivona told CNBC’s “Squawk Box Europe” on Jan. 30 that BP should consider deploying its capital in a “rational way.”

In response to the publication of the letter, a spokesperson for BP at the time said that the company “welcomes constructive engagement” with its shareholders.

BP has also contended with a mediatized leadership change. The company appointed Murray Auchincloss as permanent CEO last month, roughly four months after his predecessor Bernard Looney resigned after less than four years on the job.

Under Looney’s leadership, BP promised its overall emissions would be 35% to 40% lower by the end of the decade.

The firm, which was one of the first energy giants to announce plans to cut emissions to net zero “by 2050 or sooner,” watered down these climate plans last year. BP said almost a year ago that it would instead target a 20% to 30% cut, noting that it needed to keep investing in oil and gas to meet demand.

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